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SEP 2018

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INDUSTRY FOR MORE INFORMATION: Michael Guckes, Chief Economist, Gardner Intelligence mguckes@gardnerweb.com / gardnerintelligence.com 50 MoldMaking Technology —— SEPTEMBER 2018 PRESENTED BY Automotive Industry Beats Expectations Through the first half of 2018, the automotive industry experienced a level of growth that exceeded the expectations of most experts. Of the many economic factors that have an impact on the automotive industry, strong employment levels and wage gains are likely two significant factors behind the auto- motive industry's performance in 2018. The industry has exceeded the expectations of many experts since the end of 2017. Working counter to these factors is an eroding finan- cial picture in which banks are less willing to provide credit. Additionally, vehicle-loan default rates are well above their long-run levels prior to 2008. The recent net effect of these influences largely has been to offset one another, if not slightly to the benefit of the industry. In the first half of 2018, monthly light-truck and SUV sales remained near the one-million unit market, while car sales during the second quarter were flat, halting an otherwise downward trend. While the exact reasons for any given firm's future may be unique to that firm's circumstances, the collective results of this forecast may shed light on the general direction of the industry in the coming months and years. Reviewing Wall Street's financial projections for 23 automotive firms with cumulative first-quarter revenues of $223 billion reveals a somber outlook for the industry between the sec- ond quarter of 2018 and mid-2020. Overall, earnings and revenues by the end of 2018 are projected to be modestly better than a year ago. However, the cumulative projections for 2019 indicate a flat to a slightly down- ward trend in revenues and contracting earnings. Although the Gardner Business Index data is not projected, examining only the automotive data seems to support Wall Street's notions that the industry may need to prepare for a more challenging environ- ment in 2019. In the five quarters ending with the first quarter of 2018, Gardner Intelligence's data indicated that new orders and production were the fastest growing economic industry drivers. However, by the second quarter of 2018, readings for new orders and production had declined, giving way to higher readings for supplier deliveries and employment. Generally, these are considered lagging indicators, as both are slower to respond to economic growth. While this transition of drivers is no guar- antee of an immediate economic slowdown, it is consistent with an industry coming off of peak expansionary times. Automotive Industry Actual and Estimated Results (3-MONTH MOVING AVERAGE) 2016 Q1 2018 Q1 2020 Q1 Band represents last actual quarterly results -20% -10% 0% 10% 20% 30% Real YOY% Change Capital Spending EBITDA Revenue

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